Steroid-refractory severe ulcerative colitis what are the available treatment options

Patients with mild to moderate distal colitis may be treated with oral aminosalicylates, topical mesalamine, or topical steroids (Evidence A). Topical mesalamine agents are superior to topical steroids or oral aminosalicylates (Evidence A). The combination of oral and topical aminosalicylates is more effective than either alone (Evidence A). In patients refractory to oral aminosalicylates or topical corticosteroids, mesalamine enemas or suppositories may still be effective (Evidence A). The unusual patient who is refractory to all of the above agents in maximal doses, or who is systemically ill, may require treatment with oral prednisone in doses up to 40–60 mg per day, or infliximab with an induction regimen of 5 mg/kg at weeks 0, 2, and 6, although the latter two agents have not been studied specifically in patients with distal disease (Evidence C).

Due to near complete inability to take in enteral intake from severe early satiety and subjective global assessment of severe malnutrition, TPN was initiated in conjunction with a short course of methylprednisolone, followed by a tapering prednisone regimen starting at 50 mg per day. Azathioprine was also initiated at 75 mg daily. A jejunostomy tube was placed under radiological guidance to provide enteral nutrition, and a high protein formula was used for caloric requirements, as the patient was unable to take in more than a few tablespoons at a time.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, often referred to as Lou Gehrig’s disease) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects motor neuron cells in the brain and the spinal cord. Motor neurons reach from the brain and the spinal cord to the muscles throughout the body. The progressive degeneration of the motor neurons in ALS eventually leads to their demise and when the motor neurons die, voluntary and involuntary muscle movement is lost. With the progressive loss of motor neurons, people with ALS may lose the ability to speak, eat, move and breathe. There is increasing evidence that neuro-inflammation accompanies the death of motor neurons in ALS. Several inflammatory events that appear to accompany disease progression in ALS might be amenable to pharmacologic interventions as a component of disease management, and research in the field is investigating new approaches to implement an anti-inflammatory strategy for treating ALS.

Both medications and surgery have been used to treat ulcerative colitis. However, surgery is reserved for those with severe inflammation and life-threatening complications. There is no medication that can cure ulcerative colitis. Patients with ulcerative colitis will typically experience periods of relapse (worsening of inflammation) followed by periods of remission (resolution of inflammation) lasting months to years. During relapses, symptoms of abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding worsen. During remissions, these symptoms subside. Remissions usually occur because of treatment with medications or surgery, but occasionally they occur spontaneously, that is, without any treatment.

Steroid-refractory severe ulcerative colitis what are the available treatment options

steroid-refractory severe ulcerative colitis what are the available treatment options

Both medications and surgery have been used to treat ulcerative colitis. However, surgery is reserved for those with severe inflammation and life-threatening complications. There is no medication that can cure ulcerative colitis. Patients with ulcerative colitis will typically experience periods of relapse (worsening of inflammation) followed by periods of remission (resolution of inflammation) lasting months to years. During relapses, symptoms of abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding worsen. During remissions, these symptoms subside. Remissions usually occur because of treatment with medications or surgery, but occasionally they occur spontaneously, that is, without any treatment.

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