Nfl steroid usage

Performance-enhancing steroids are the gifts that keep on giving. They help set home-run records and win cycling medals — never mind make for obvious nicknames like the latest instant classic, A-Roid .

But those perennial gifts aren’t all "positive": Now, it seems, in addition to bulking up users, anabolic steroids also predispose them to musculoskeletal injuries.

An anonymous survey of 2,552 retired NFL players released today found an association between joint and ligament injuries and use of steroids. Just over 9 percent of the former pro-athletes, who played as far back as the 1940s and as recently as the 21st century, admitted using the drugs during their careers, the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation study showed. Doping was common among players in positions requiring size and strength, with 16 percent of offensive linemen and nearly 15 percent of defensive linemen fessing up to the practice.

Players who took the drugs suffered more disc herniations and injuries to their knees, elbows, necks, spines, feet, toes and ankles than those who didn’t use 'roids. For example, 21 percent of those who used the drugs said they'd suffered herniated discs, compared to 10 percent of players who didn’t take them. Nearly 31 percent of users hurt their elbows, versus 17 percent of non-steroid users.

That damage may stem from their cartilage adapting slowly (or not enough) to the increased muscle growth and force generated by the drugs, or from the greater mass and stress exerted on their ligaments and cartilage, according to the study. (Concussions have been shown to have lasting effects on football players , and players also have high rates of arthritis , but those conditions weren't studied in relation to steroid use.) "Our findings speak to the 'snowball effect' or compounded medical problems that appear to accompany steroid use," co-author Kevin Guskiewicz of the University of North Carolina's department of exercise and sport science, told the Associated Press .

Steroids do, however, seem to keep up muscle fiber density and cell nuclei (which boost the synthesis of proteins important to muscle development) even after people stop using them, researchers reported at last year's American Physiological Society meeting.

We're eager to hear if there are any “side effects” from the latest athletic supplement, Viagra . In the meantime, you can learn more about the science of football , why players dope , and whether juicing makes you a better athlete .

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Pete Rose is toxic again after repulsive allegations The ones who have stood by Pete Rose might not... Shestakofsky said the Hall of Fame helped in distributing Morgan’s letter to voters, but that should not be taken as an endorsement of the message.

PUNISHMENT:  NFL commissioner and former Jets public relations intern Rodger Goodell suggested that the responsibility was on teams to conceal their messages, not on the ones trying to steal them. During his news conference before the 2007 Super Bowl he said that any coach who did not expect signals to be stolen was " stupid ." Prior to 2006, every NFL team is assumed to have done it, but none of them broke a rule. You can't punish something that is not prohibited. Filming from the sidelines was not prohibited until 2006 and filming your opponent's signals from approved locations has never been prohibited, even today.

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Barry Bonds sorry he was such a 'dumbass' all those years Barry Bonds got labeled as rude, surly and obnoxious during... I do not let a player’s usage or suspected usage influence me. There is no way of truly determining impact, nothing else from that era is “penalized” (are we eliminating the Yankees’ World Series championships, won with players like Clemens and Pettitte?) and the penalties for usage do not include a HOF ban unless you test positive three times. If they are eligible and on the ballot, PED usage should not be a factor in voting.

Nfl steroid usage

nfl steroid usage

see also

Barry Bonds sorry he was such a 'dumbass' all those years Barry Bonds got labeled as rude, surly and obnoxious during... I do not let a player’s usage or suspected usage influence me. There is no way of truly determining impact, nothing else from that era is “penalized” (are we eliminating the Yankees’ World Series championships, won with players like Clemens and Pettitte?) and the penalties for usage do not include a HOF ban unless you test positive three times. If they are eligible and on the ballot, PED usage should not be a factor in voting.

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